How do you determine the number of electrons transferred
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# How do you determine the number of electrons transferred

[From: ] [author: ] [Date: 11-08-10] [Hit: ]
-CHANGE IN OXIDATION NUMBER............
Can someone please explain to me how you figure out how many electrons are transferred in the following reaction.

Fe^2+ + MnO_4 ^- + H^+ ------> Mn^2+ + H_2O + Fe^3+

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But for the manganese in the permanganate ion being reduced to manganese(II), that involves a transfer of 5 electrons. This is why you need five Fe atoms for every MnO4^- ion.

5(Fe2+ --> Fe3+ + 1e-)
8H+ + MnO4^- + 5e- --> Mn2+ + 4H2O
------------------------ -----------------------------
8H+ + 5Fe2+ + MnO4^- -->Mn2+ + 5Fe3+ + 4H2O

Therefore, there are five electrons transferred per mole of reaction.

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CHANGE IN OXIDATION NUMBER........determines the number of electrons transferred.
Fe^2+--->Fe^3+ + e.........one electron is transferred.
BUT FIRST BALANCE THE EQUATION....as actual number of electrons can only be decided from balance chemical equation.
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